Friday, January 30, 2015

Forgotten Books: The Man From Scotland Yard - Maxwell Grant (Walter B. Gibson)

I hadn't read a Shadow novel in quite a while and was in the mood for one, so I picked a story that I'd heard was pretty good, THE MAN FROM SCOTLAND YARD, which appeared in the August 1, 1935 issue of THE SHADOW. It turned out to be a decent choice, but before I talk about that, I'm going to wallow a bit in nostalgia. Consider yourself warned.

I have a long history with The Shadow. I first encountered the character in syndicated reruns of the radio show back in the early 1960s. I thoroughly enjoyed them, although I had no idea at the time of the character's pulp origins. A few years later, on the paperback spinner rack in Tompkins' Drugstore, I came across the Belmont edition of THE SHADOW STRIKES, the first original Shadow novel by Dennis Lynds, writing under the house-name Maxwell Grant. Of course, I didn't know then that Lynds wrote it, and I certainly never would have guessed that years later he and I would become friends through correspondence. All I knew was that I loved the book and thought this version of the character was even better than the one in the radio show. Lynds wrote more Shadow novels for Belmont over the next few years, and I snatched them all up as I found them and read them with eagerness and great enjoyment.

(A little background: When Belmont began this new series of Shadow paperbacks, the first one, RETURN OF THE SHADOW, was written by Walter B. Gibson, who created the character and wrote the vast majority of the pulp novels. I didn't find that one and read it until several years later. When the arrangement with Gibson didn't work out, Belmont turned to Lynds to continue the series. This was a very busy time for Lynds. Not only was he writing the Shadow paperbacks, he was also writing all the Mike Shayne novelettes and novellas in MIKE SHAYNE MYSTERY MAGAZINE, many of the Man From U.N.C.L.E. novellas in the digest of the same name, and starting his long-running series of award-winning, critically acclaimed novels about one-armed private eye Dan Fortune under the name Michael Collins. He certainly didn't stint on his Shadow novels, though, at least not to my mind at the time. I've never reread any of them, but I'd like to if I could find the time.)

Moving on, a few more years went by, and I found the Bantam paperback reprint of THE LIVING SHADOW, the first novel in the pulp series from 1931. I still remember reading it while sitting on the front porch of my aunt's house in Blanket, Texas, seemingly unable to turn the pages fast enough to keep up with the excitement of the tale. This was the best Shadow so far.

By then I had encountered Doc Savage and learned some about the pulps. While The Shadow never replaced Doc as my favorite from that era, I read all the paperbacks published by Bantam and then later by Pyramid and Jove, many of the latter with great covers by the legendary Jim Steranko. By that time I was in college, attending what was then North Texas State University in Denton. One summer when I was commuting from my home in Azle, about 50 miles away, the vagaries of the schedule meant that I had one class early in the morning and another late in the afternoon, with a big block of time in the middle of the day to kill. It was too far to go home and come back. Most days I spent that time in the basement of the library, sitting in one of the study carrels 'way in the back, behind the stacks. Did I study? Heck, no. I smuggled in food and drink and sat there in near-isolation reading paperbacks, and the ones I remember most vividly are those Shadow novels with Steranko covers. (I now realize that I actually was studying for what turned out to be my career, I just didn't know it at the time. What better preparation could there be, though, for writing hundreds of over-the-top action novels than reading the novels of Walter B. Gibson and all the other pulpsters whose work I was devouring back then?)

In the 40 years since, I've read many, many Shadow novels, some in reprint and quite a few in the original pulps. I remember sitting in the hospital reading a Shadow pulp right after our first daughter was born, while Livia and Shayna were both sleeping. THE SHADOW ran from 1931 to 1949, and the quality of the series breaks pretty neatly in the middle. The stories from the 1930s are consistently good to excellent, although there are some mediocre entries in the bunch. The 1940s stories are just the opposite: some gems here and there, but mostly bland, uninspiring little mysteries. No criminal super-masterminds, no hordes of vicious gangsters being mowed down by The Shadow's .45s, no apocalyptic action scenes.

So where does THE MAN FROM SCOTLAND YARD fit in? Sort of in the middle. The main plot concerns a gang of international spies who are out to steal some weapons plans and sell them to an unnamed power in Europe. (Cough*Germany*cough.) It's somewhat interesting but not that compelling. But there's a great scene where The Shadow lands his autogyro on the deck of the bad guys' ship in the middle of the Atlantic and goes to town with those .45 automatics. A few other action scenes are pretty good, but overall there aren't as many of them as in some of the novels, and The Shadow is off-screen a lot. Quite a bit of the story consists of guys standing in hotel rooms talking.

However, through a very neat bit of trickery, Gibson sets up a situation where the reader doesn't know if one of the characters is really a hero, a villain, a hero pretending to be a villain, or vice versa. It takes almost the entire novel for that conundrum to be resolved, and I enjoyed being puzzled. THE MAN FROM SCOTLAND YARD doesn't reach the operatic heights of some of the early novels, but it's considerably better than most of the ones I've read from the Forties. It was reprinted a while back in one of those double editions with ZEMBA, a novel that's considered by many fans to be one of the best in the whole series. That edition seems to be out of print, but I imagine copies can be found at various places on-line. I enjoyed THE MAN FROM SCOTLAND YARD enough that I plan to read another Shadow novel fairly soon.


Joel Lyczak said...

Of the early SHADOW titles, I really liked THE DEATH TOWER Jan. 1932. Always thought this one would have made a wonderful start for a film franchise. Highly recommended.

Tom Johnson said...

I enjoyed every Shadow novel I read until the Bruce Elliot period, but you're right James, some were definitely better than others. I particularly liked those early years when The Shadow remained a mystery figure in the background. I discovered the Belmonts with Gibson's "Return of The Shadow" while stationed in Turkey. It was my first connection to The Shadow prose stories. Before that, I only knew him as the radio persona. I also loved the Dennis Lynds entries.

Unknown said...

As I think we've discussed, I was listening to those Shadow radio reruns at the same time you were, though I was a lot older. I'm surprised you were allowed to stay up that late.

Rick Robinson said...

I rarely see these paperbacks any more, and wish I'd picked some up 20 or more years ago when they were common in used books stores. Now, of course, I'd like to read a couple, especially after this review.

James Reasoner said...

I read THE DEATH TOWER when Bantam reprinted it and remember liking it a lot. I ought to give it a reread one of these days.

You wrote a book about the Lynds Shadow novels, didn't you? Or at least an article?

I wasn't allowed to stay up that late. That's why I had a transistor radio with the sound turned really low pressed to my ear while I was supposed to be sleeping. KRLD in Dallas also ran an episode of The Shadow on Sunday afternoons, I think, and I listened to those, too.

You're right, I don't see the paperbacks much anymore. I have a few, but far from a complete run.

George said...

I'll have to track down a copy of THE DEATH TOWER. The SHADOW paperbacks are rare commodities today.

James Reasoner said...

There are quite a few copies of the Bantam edition of THE DEATH TOWER available for less than ten bucks on ABE and Amazon. I have a copy, just need the time to read it.

Brian Drake said...

Is Will Murray still reprinting these?

James Reasoner said...

It was Anthony Tollin who was reprinting them, with intros by Will Murray, but that series appears to have come to an end last year. They're very nice volumes, and many of them are still available fairly inexpensively on Amazon.

Tom Johnson said...

James, I wrote a long essay on the Belmont Shadows and published it in our FADING SHADOWS magazines years ago. Later it was included in ECHOES 30, the big anniversary issue of ECHOES published by Matt Moring at ALTUS PRESS. Lots of other data in ECHOES 30. I have a few Shadow paperbacks for trade, but none of the Belmonts.

Scott D. Parker said...

I have exactly one of the Shadow reprints from the nostalgia line: Partners in Peril/Lingo/The Grim Joker. This is the one that Jerry Robinson drew inspiration from when he co-created Batman. A side-note on this one: of the two novels reprinted, only one was Gibson. The other was Theodore Tinsley, a name I never knew. Tinley’s story, “The Grim Joker” is also included in this volume, the inspiration of the more famous nemesis of Batman.

James Reasoner said...

I thought I remembered that, but I don't always trust my memory these days.

Tinsley wrote 27 of the Shadow novels. All the ones I've read have been pretty good. He also wrote lots of other stories for the mystery and detective pulps, including a series about one of the first female private eyes, Carrie Cashin. He was a good solid pulpster.

Tom Johnson said...

James, I just put the cover of FROM SHADOW TO SUPERMAN, the FADING SHADOWS book we published about the Belmont Shadow series, on my FB page at Ron Wilber did the cover for it.

Scott D. Parker said...

Tinsley also wrote a series featuring Jerry Tracy, a reporter who solves crimes. That inspired me to spin-off my own reporter character into his own series. Amazing how things just happen, huh?

James Reasoner said...

I have a massive e-book collection of all the Jerry Tracy stories, but I haven't read it yet. I think it's still available from Open Road/Mysterious Press.

Scott D. Parker said...

Not coincidentally, so do I. The intro is well done. I love Tracy's sayings.